Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is Depression?
2. What are the symptoms of depression?
1}-Sleep It takes a long time ,Hours to fall asleep,We have frequent awakenings,bad dreams,and we tend to wake up earlier than usual. Sleep is unrefreshing. At times in depression just the opposite happens and one tends to sleep too much.
2}-Pleasure Our ability to derive pleasure from usual things in life..hobbies,music ,meeting people and friends,enjoying food and sex goes down and nothing seems to give us pleasure.
3}-Appetite Appetite goes down ,we loose interest in food and as a consequence tend to loose weight. On the contrary at times in depression appetite goes up markedly and there is craving for food especially carbohydrates and sweet things.
4}-Concentration and attention Concentration and attention go down .We find it extremely hard to stay focussed. Mental processes slow down and simple tasks which were a breeze earlier seem herculean.
5}-Energy Energy levels take a dip. Day to day chores seem impossible.
6)-Psychomotor retardation and Agitation We feel retarded. Agitation sets in. We seem to loose our calm for no obvious reason and tend to get outbursts and also the mind is not at peace with itself.
7}-Guilt Guiltsets in. We start considering ourselves as the reason for our,others and the worlds woes in general. Thoughts of us not being any good,To be the reason for our and others problems tend to overwhelm us.
8}-Suicidality …Given all the above we start to look for an escape from all this perceived suffering and start to delve on ways to get rid of these thoughts and feelings with thoughts of the world, Our families,near and dear ones being better off without us and also ourselves being set free from all this suffering .
Not everyone who ends up suffering from depression ends up having all the above symptoms. Some people tend to have just a few symptoms of the above.
3. How common is depression?
4. What causes depression?
5. What to do if I am suffering from Depression?
You can help in many ways like;
♦ Offer emotional support, understanding, patience, and encouragement.
♦ Talk to him or her, and listen carefully.
♦ Never dismiss feelings, but point out realities and offer hope.
♦ Never ignore comments about suicide, and report them to your loved one´s therapist or doctor.
♦ Involve your loved one for outings and other activities like a walk or a trek. Keep trying even if he or she declines.
♦ Remind your loved one that with time and treatment, the depression will gradually reduce. .
6. How is depression diagnosed?
7. How is depression treated?
♦ Addressing any medical conditions that causes or worsens depression
♦ Supportive therapy
♦ Changes in lifestyle and behavior
♦ Psychotherapy, complementary therapies